CFCA – 2013 Antisemitism report – Present situation and tendencies
The rise in antisemitism throughout Europe is bringing about assimilation and distrust of the authorities – that is what emerges from the 2013 report about antisemitism, which was submitted to the government by the Forum for Coordinating the Combat against Antisemitism. The annual report regarding the state of antisemitism will be submitted to the government a day before the world commemorates the International Holocaust Day.
In comparison with last year, no increase has been observed in the number of violent antisemitic incidents in the world. But the truth is that essentially the situation has only worsened. From a survey of the European Union agency on the subject of human rights (FRA), it emerges that about 23% of European Jews do not come to Jewish institutions and events for fear of getting hurt on the way there. 38% avoid wearing typical Jewish objects in public, such as the yarmulke, and 66% view antisemitism as a problem substantially and constantly affecting their lives. Worst of all is the fact that most of Europe’s Jews have accepted antisemitism as a hopeless chronic disease: 77% of European Jews don’t even bother to report to any organization, be it Jewish, governmental or other, about, irritations, insults and harassments of antisemitic nature they experience. More from the survey’s data: 33% of those surveyed fear they might become victims of antisemitic assault. 29% are considering emigrating from their country and 66% of the respondents view antisemitism as a problem affecting their lives.
According to the report, “The antisemitic atmosphere in the world is reinforced by the popularity antisemitic trends have gained in the world of social networks, which enable conducting demonstrations and antisemitic events, as well as the mass dissemination of antisemitic venom to people around the world with a click of a button. The instance of the reverse Nazi salute is a case in point.”
The countries where the highest percentage of rise in antisemitism was recorded are: Hungary, France, Belgium and Sweden. It seems that relatively speaking – the situation in Italy, Germany, Britain and Latvia is less severe. One of the phenomena on which the report elaborates is the “Reverse Nazi salute”, which started its spread from France to other countries in Europe and in the world during the last weeks of 2013. According to the report, governments and parliaments are examining the subject and “The question they are deliberating is whether a way will be found to ban the phenomenon.”
The internet and the social networks carry a great responsibility in the rise of antisemitism. “In the past year,” was written in the report, ”there has been a decline in the number of demonstrations against Israel and it could be that the social networks are replacing them. They are becoming more effective in their ability to recruit multitudes to events, in their impact at the public and political arena and in becoming a media means that touches the lives and even manages the lives of hundreds of millions of people, including in aspects relating to antisemitism and anti-Zionism.” About
75% of those surveyed replied that they regard the online antisemitism they encounter on YouTube clips, in chats and in blogs, a problem which exists in their country, and that the online antisemitism has intensified during the five past years.
The report points also to a new political trend in Europe – antisemitism which unites the extreme right and left. While the line of thought of the right parties is nationalistic and xenophobic, the
extreme left parties that fight for human rights and animal rights set themselves against integral parts of the Jewish religion and substance, such as the circumcision and the kosher slaughtering.