CFCA – Evaluación Anual 2018 – Información general y Tendencias
In 2018 the trend of increasing the number of anti-Semitic incidents and violent damage to Jews continues. In the majority of countries in the world where anti-Semitic incidents are monitored, a record number of events was recorded last year.
The most significant incident last year was the massacre carried out in the synagogue “Etz HaHaim” “Or LeSimha” in the city of Pittsburg in Pennsylvania, where 11 Jews were killed, the attacker was Robert Bowers, activist of the extreme right in EE The murder, brought to light the problem of neo-Nazi anti-Semitism in the US, where nationalists promoting white supremacy enjoy freedom of expression and free access to firearms.
Supporters of white supremacy in the US they feel a certain kind of resurrection in the last three years, generally attributed to the rise of the “alternative” right, known as “Alt-Right” (alluding to computer keys). The allegation on which the ideology of white supremacy is based in its modern version is that the white race is facing the danger of extinction and sinks into the wave of non-white people who are controlled and manipulated by the Jews. Supporters of white supremacy believe that it is possible to justify almost all action if the cause is to “save” the white race.
In contrast to the extreme right in the US, the extreme right in Europe undergoes many changes. These changes occur as a consequence of social changes and changes in the characteristics of the threats, as seen by the leaders of this part of the political map: the Jews, the Communists and even the Americans, are heading in recent years in the direction of the new enemy of the European far right, Islam. The anti-Semitic activity of the extreme right in Europe has moderated and does not represent a dominant cause in anti-Semitism. The exception in this trend is Germany, where there was an increase in anti-Semitic incidents whose origin is the extreme right.
Muslim anti-Semitism continues to be dominant and produces significantly more anti-Semitic incidents in the world. In a general way, one can distinguish between two different causes in Muslim anti-Semitism:
The first is the radical Islam originated by the Salafist jihadists influenced by the extremist religious ideology that sees the Jews as the final enemy that together with the crusaders must be fought in a total war. This Islamist school whose current expression is organizations like Da¨esh and Al-Qaida, distribute ideology that produces inspiration of damage to the Jews among their followers. The anti-Semitic propaganda distributed in the mosques marks the Jews as part of the international conspiracy to damage Islam and marks the Jews as the fate of the Jihad (holy war). Lately, with the significant reduction of the military and political force of the Islamic country, there is an increase in the identification of the Jews as a destination worthy of being damaged by the conversation of the Jihad.
Parallel to the Jihad conversation, in the Islamist world there is also another type of anti-Semitic conversation that emphasizes the delegitimization of the Zionist movement in general and the State of Israel in particular. This anti-Semitism, called “new anti-Semitism” and that also characterizes many factors of the radical left and the BDS movement and connects between the Jewish people and the Israeli-Arab conflict. The denial of Israel’s right to exist, as the state of the Jewish people, using the classic motives of anti-Semitism to describe Jewish aggression, is what characterizes the conversation of these groups.
Two other characteristics of Muslim anti-Semitism are not always clearly distinguished on the ground and they influence together the Muslim population in different countries. The waves of Muslim immigration to Western countries in recent years, mainly from countries in conflict in the Middle East and under difficult circumstances, created a broad base for influences of two different types.
An example of the development or change in anti-Semitic conversation can be found in the attitude to the liberal Jewish millionaire, George Sorus. Organizations and activists of the extreme right around the world act to present Sorus not only as a political rival with many resources, but as the materialization of all that they abhor by making use of anti-Semitic arguments that recall the protocols of the wise men of Zion
In parallel, movements of the radical left continued, mainly in the US, with the strong anti-Israeli propaganda that caused Jewish students to feel insecure and limited in the expression of their pro-Israel or Zionist views.
In Britain, the anti-Semitic conversation of important members of the Labor Party in the country continues when new revelations of Corbyn’s support to organizations such as Hamas or Hizboullá appear. It is mainly the kind of new anti-Semitism camouflaged as criticism of Israel, but directed in reality towards the Jews of Great Britain, who are openly accused of having a part in the “regime of occupation and oppression.”
In Eastern Europe there was a decrease in the number of violent incidents. The exception highlighted in this trend in Eastern Europe are the incidents in Ukraine.
During the last year there were also significant achievements in everything related to the fight against anti-Semitism. Mainly, the promotion of the recognition of the definition of work of anti-Semitism (which recognizes in reality the new anti-Semitism and the phenomenon of delegitimization as a type of anti-Semitism.The complete wording of the definition is accompanied at the end of this report).
More and more countries declared their intention to adopt the definition that gives the authorities tools to identify anti-Semitism and allows it to be avoided in this way. In early December, countries of the European Union published a statement against anti-Semitism and the promise to preserve the security of Jews. The Council of the Union said in the statement that there is a recommendation to the members of the European Union to use the definition as a tool of direction or help.
The fight against the BDS movement also paid off and more countries adopted laws limiting or prohibiting the activity of organizations that support the boycott of Israel.